Sông Trường Giang, sông Hoàng Hà chảy trên đồng bằng nào?

On which plains does the Truong Giang River and the Yellow River flow? The beauty of the Yangtze River and Yellow River. Similarities and differences between the Yellow River and the Yangtze River.

The Truong Giang River flows on the Central China Plain. The Yellow River flows through the North China Plain. The Yellow River and the Yangtze are two major rivers of East Asia that are located within the territory of China. Along with the Yellow River, the Yangtze is the most important river in China’s history, culture, and economy.

1. On which plain does the Truong Giang River flow?

The Truong Giang River flows on the Central China Plain. The Yangtze River is the longest river in Asia and also the third longest in the world, behind the Nile in Africa and the Amazon in South America.

The Yangtze River originates with an altitude of 5600m, is about 6,385 km long, originates in the west of China (Qing Hai) and flows east to the East China Sea, China, overcoming many rapids and mountains. undulating with the same message, flowing through many lands and villages to create the fertile Truong Giang Delta. Therefore, these two rivers have a great role and significance.

2. Overview of Truong Giang River:

Truong Giang has a relatively harmonic position. The reason is that the middle and lower part of the river flows through the southern part of China with a subtropical monsoon climate. In the summer there is a lot of rain, but in the winter there is still rain due to the activity of the vortex. The water flow in the period of maximum flood compared with the period of the driest is only less than 3 times different. Therefore, about the water regime, someone has compared: “Truong Giang is like a gentle girl, and Hoang Ha is like a bitter old woman”.

According to historical records, the Chinese used the word Jiang as early as the Chu dynasty. When the ancients saw the peacock with such splendid beauty, they naturally thought that it was a divine bird or a noble creature sent down from heaven.

The ecosystem on both sides of the Truong Giang River is indeed very rich, so people think that this place is a good land for birds to perch, blessed by God. Therefore, the Chu people call this area Giang, harmonizing with the cry of the peacock. In ancient times, the country of Chu was located in the South, so the way to call Giang appeared earliest in the South.

3. Beauty in Truong Giang River:

Coming to the “gentle” Truong Giang River, visitors can explore many interesting places.

3.1. Vu Son Bridge:

Vu Son Bridge is a bridge over the Truong Giang River and is also the largest bridge in the world with a height of 180m. This bridge is also the cradle, a communication bridge for the important streets of the city, a place where a solid foundation for Chinese people can trade and move traffic smoothly. most favorable

– And yet in that role, the bridge is also a place of entertainment, where tourists can stop to admire the beauty of the bridge from above to the river’s majestic beauty and ripples.

– Vu Son Bridge is the largest bridge in the world

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3.2. Ho Khieu Hiep:

– The journey you go back to the Yangtze River will encounter the scene of Tiger Leaping Gorge – one of the deepest river gorges in the world. The gorge consists of a main road about 22km long with majestic mountains and waterfalls, diverse and rich ecosystems. It is said that in order to escape from a hunter, a tiger jumped over the river at its narrowest point (25 m wide), hence the name Tiger Jumping Gorge.

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3.3. Kinh Chau Citadel:

Kinh Chau ancient town, also known as the famous Kinh Chau ancient citadel, was built during the Spring and Autumn Warring States period and associated with the struggle of the three countries of Wei – Shu – Wu during the Three Kingdoms period. This is also city ​​directly under the province Hubei, China is located on the Yangtze River with an area of ​​14,069 square kilometers.

Traveling to Kinh Chau ancient town, visitors are overwhelmed by the scenery of this most ancient citadel in China, the wall is preserved and preserved to this day still intact with bold architectural imprints of the late period. The Ming Dynasty was the beginning of the Qing Dynasty with a total length of 10.5km, a height of 8.83 meters and 6 gates as solid as stone tables.

– Then look at the world’s largest statue of Guan Gong in Kinh Chau ancient citadel, this statue is 58 meters high, the sculpture image implies that Guan Gong died at the age of 58, so it was sculpted 58 meters, weighing about 1300. tons, the inside is fixed with steel and the outside is inlaid with more than 4000 pieces of copper. Quan Cong’s eyes are a bit ivory, not angry but mighty, majestic posture in the wind ready to face the waves, his right hand holds a 70m long knife.

4. On which plain does the Yellow River flow?

The Yellow River flows through nine provinces of the People’s Republic of China, from an altitude of 4,500 m in the Yekuzonglie Basin, the Yellow River originates from Bayan Har Mountain in the Kunlun Mountains on the Tibetan Plateau in western Qinghai Province. The Yellow River empties into Bohai near the city of Dongying in Shandong province.

From its headwaters, the river flows in a southerly direction, then makes a southeastern bend and then flows south again until it reaches Lanzhou city, the capital of the province of Orange. Tuc, is where the great northward bend begins. The river flows north through Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region to Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, this curve is called Ha Sao.

Then, the river changed direction again, flowing almost straight to the south, creating the boundary of two provinces Shaanxi and Shanxi. About 130 km northeast of the city of Xi’an, capital of Shaanxi province, the Yellow River changes direction again to flow east. It flows to the coastal lowlands of eastern China near the city of Kaifeng. It then flows through Jinan, the capital of Shandong province, and empties into the Bohai Sea (Bohai Bay).

5. Influence of the Yellow River on people’s lives:

The Yellow River is the second longest river in China (5,654 km), after the Yangtze River and sixth in the world.

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Yellow River (Chinese: 黃河; pinyin: Huáng Hé; Wade-Giles: Hwang-ho, ”huang means yellow of the sun, ha means ground, put together Hoang Ha means colored river water surface. There is also information that the pronunciation of Ha is similar to the howling of wild animals, because we all know that the Yellow River is known as the “river of anger” with its strong currents.

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The Yellow River has an erratic water regime because it flows through different climates: the upstream belongs to the alpine climate, the middle flows through the Loess Plateau in the subtropical monsoon climate. In winter, the water flow is very small, but in summer due to melting snow and ice in the upstream and monsoon rain downstream, the water flow is very large. The difference in water volume between the maximum flood period and the driest period can be 88 times higher, so in the lower reaches of the river, large floods often occur and rivers change their course, causing terrible disasters to people.

During the 20th century, the Yellow River brought into the sea about 0.9×10⁹ tons of sediment per year. The river’s golden color is due to the silt it carries, because the amount of silt and sediment in the water can be up to 34 kg per cubic meter of water – 34 times higher than that of the Nile in Africa. Centuries of accretion and embankment of dykes have caused the river to flow at higher elevations than the farmland on either side, making flooding more dangerous.

Inundation of the Yellow River has caused terrible deaths in history as in 1887 the Yellow River killed about 900,000-2,000,000 people and in 1931 it killed about 1,000,000-3,700,000 people. The 1931 flood was recorded as the worst natural disaster in world history, estimated to have claimed the lives of about 3.7 million people.

In 1938, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, Chiang Kai-shek’s army broke the dike surrounding the Yellow River to prevent the Japanese advance and flooded a large area, killing about 500,000 to 900,000 people.

The Yellow River is considered the cradle of Chinese civilization. The first dynasties in Chinese history (Xia, Shang, Zhou) were all formed in the Yellow River basin. During the Spring and Autumn Warring States period, vassal states appeared and competed for dominance with each other, mainly in the Yellow River basin. Later, the Chinese gradually moved south in the Yangtze River basin.

6. Cruise on the Yellow River:

Zhengzhou city – the capital of China’s Henan province is located on the south bank of the Yellow River. Here, the Chinese tourism industry plans an area for tourists to visit called “Zhengzhou Yellow River Scenic Landscape Area”. The tour includes a river cruise, visiting the scenic spots and historical sites on both sides of the river, through which part of the river’s characteristics and part of China’s ancient history can be understood.

The Yellow River originates from Qinghai province, flows west through Sichuan province, then turns north, flows through Gansu province and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, enters Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to Hekou town. It is the Yellow River upstream, 3,472 km long. This section of the river flows through many caves and dangerous cliffs.

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From Hekou, the river turns to the south, becomes a river bordering the two provinces of Shaanxi and Shanxi, to the end of Shanxi province, it turns 90 degrees to the east and flows into the territory of Henan province, to the city. Zhengzhou Street. This section of the river is the midland of the Yellow River, 1,122 km long. The river flows fast, through the Loess Plateau, carrying a large amount of yellow mud, making the river water a cloudy yellow color, hence the name of the river is Yellow River.

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From Zhengzhou, the river flows through the plains of the two provinces of Henan and Shandong and empties into the Bohai Sea. This section of the river is the lower part of the Yellow River, 870 km long. Both sides of the river have large dikes to prevent flood water.

On both sides of the river, there are many landscapes such as Ngu Long Mountain, Camel Hill, Nhac Son Pagoda, Tinh Hai Lake, especially three large statues. The first statue is Father Duc statue, which means a statue of a mother nursing her baby – a metaphorical image of the Yellow River mother with the rushing water that has nourished the Chinese people. The second statue is Dai Vu statue, statue of King Vu, also known as Dai Vu or Ha Vu. King Vu is the ancestor of the Xia Dynasty (the first feudal dynasty in China, period 2205-1766 BC).

This great river is the subject, an endless source of inspiration for many poetic and literary works art China through the ages. The Yellow River is described as the mother river that has nurtured hundreds of millions of children, as the birthplace of Chinese civilization, as a majestic natural landscape that transforms into all shapes and sizes.

7. Similarities and differences between the Yellow River and the Yangtze River:

7.1. Alike:

– Both are two major rivers of China, originating from the Tibetan plateau in the west, flowing eastward along the parallel of latitude and emptying into the seas of the Pacific Ocean.

– In the downstream, they are all accreted into wide and fertile plains.

– Water supply is due to melting of snow and ice in summer.

– Both rivers have large floods in late summer and early autumn and dry up in winter and spring.

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7.2. Difference:

– Truong Giang River: Longer than the Yellow River, pouring water into the East China Sea, accreting to the Central Plains.

– Yellow River: Shorter and pours water into the Yellow Sea, accreting to the North China Plain. The Yellow River has an erratic water regime, in the summer, there were floods that caused damage to crops and surrounding people.

Thus, it can be seen that almost two rivers, the Yellow River and the Truong Giang River, do not have many differences with other rivers because the river’s characteristics are high water season and dry season, moreover, the source will be the High mountains and downstream areas are plains and empties into the sea. But these two rivers are the largest in East Asia.

These two rivers have created the civilizations of the Chinese people that they are today. Provide water for people to live, irrigate, raise livestock and grow crops.

Thanks to the large rivers, the lives of people around the river are developed. There are also some major rivers in our country originating from China, namely the Red River and the Mekong River in which the Mekong River flows through many different countries and finally Vietnam.

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