Quê quán là gì? Cách ghi quê quán trong giấy khai sinh?

What is a hometown? How to determine an individual’s hometown? How to write hometown in Birth Certificate? Advice on how to write the country of origin on the birth certificate? Is your hometown your father’s place of birth?

Today, people still hear a lot about “origin” and “hometown”. These two contents are civil status information of individuals, recording the origin of an individual (place of birth, family line), however, the origin and hometown are really the same, are they the same or not? There is no definite rule yet. Therefore, leading to many misunderstandings and difficulties in declaring information on various papers.

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1. What is hometown?

Just like “origin”, the concept of “hometown” is mentioned many times in documents such as identity card, birth certificate, household registration book, etc., but so far, there are no regulations. specific definition of this concept. At the same time, at present, in order to ensure consistency in all types of documents, nowadays, in documents such as identity card, household registration book, birth certificate, etc., the word “origin” is not used anymore. , but agreed to use the concept of “hometown”.

However, based on the concept in the Vietnamese Great Dictionary of the Center for Languages ​​and Culture of Vietnam (Ministry of Education and Training) published in 1999, it can be understood that the concept of “homeland” is the homeland. the person’s place of birth, where his family members have long lived. In fact, a person’s hometown is often understood as the hometown, where his father was born and raised. However, this concept is for reference only.

Although there is no specific definition of the concept of “hometown”, there is no content specifying how “origin” and “hometown” are different, but at present, all types of documents related to an individual’s identity, whether it is a household registration book, people’s identity card, citizen identity card, social insurance book, etc. must agree with the content on the birth certificate of that person, including information about the country of origin/origin.

2. How to determine an individual’s hometown:

Currently, although “origin” is a widely used concept, and is recorded in a separate section in documents such as household registration books (for books issued before the date of Circular 52/2010/TT-BCA with valid), old identity card (issued before the date of Decree 170/2007/ND-CP promulgated), old birth certificate, etc., however, up to this point, there is no legal document defining it. specific meaning of the concept of “origin”, leading to different interpretations and different uses of this concept.

In this regard, if based on the online Vietnamese dictionary and the Open Encyclopedia (Wikipedia online), the Vietnamese Great Dictionary of the Center for Language and Culture of Vietnam (Ministry of Education and Training) publishes In 1999, it can be understood, origin is understood as the concept used to refer to the original hometown, where this person has his or her origin. The place where his grandparents – ancestors lived from one life to another. In fact, when declaring a person’s country of origin, this origin is usually determined according to the place of birth of that person’s father, regardless of whether this father resides, lives and grows up. there or not.

3.1. Normal births:

Because, the birth certificate is the original civil status document of each individual, issued by a competent state agency to the individual when they are registered for birth, which shows basic information about the individual, including: full name, gender, date of birth, place of birth, hometown, ethnicity, nationality, personal identification number, information of the parents of the person whose birth is registered… (according to Clause 6, Article 4, Article 14 of the 2014 Law on civil status, Article 6 of Decree 123/2015/ND-CP).

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Therefore, when one of the documents related to a person’s identity is not displayed correctly or is different from that person’s birth certificate, it is necessary to carry out adjustment procedures to be consistent with the birth certificate. Birth. Therefore, information about the “hometown” section of the documents will be determined according to the Birth Certificate.

Regarding how to write “hometown” in the birth certificate, according to the provisions of Clause 8, Article 4 of the Law on civil status 2014, point dd, Clause 1, Article 4 of Decree 123/2015/ND-CP:

see more: Procedures for changing the first name, last name, middle name on the original birth certificate

When a person’s birthplace is registered, their birthplace will be determined according to the hometown of their biological father or mother according to the agreement of this person’s father or mother; or determined according to local practices and customs recorded in the birth registration declaration form when registering for birth at a competent agency.

Therefore, when going for birth registration, the entry of the birthplace of the person whose birth is registered will be self-declared by the person who goes through the procedures in the birth registration declaration based on the information about his/her hometown. father and mother and their agreement or local custom.

For some special cases such as birth registration for abandoned children, or whose parents have not been identified, the determination of the birthplace of the person whose birth is registered will be done as follows:

3.2. In the case of abandoned children:

For the case of abandoned children but after carrying out the necessary procedures as prescribed (such as making a record of the incident – publicly posting information about the abandoned child) it is still impossible to identify In this case, according to Clause 3, Article 14 of Decree 123/2015/ND-CP, when registering a child’s birth, the child’s nationality will be determined to be Vietnamese nationality. The place of birth is determined to be the place where the abandoned child was discovered and the hometown category will be determined by the place of birth of the child – ie the place where the child was discovered.

Therefore, in the case of birth registration for an abandoned child, the child’s hometown upon birth registration is determined according to the place of birth – the place where the abandoned child is discovered.

3.3. In the case of children whose parents cannot be identified:

In case the child is not abandoned, but the biological father or mother cannot be identified, when registering the birth, the country of origin in the birth certificate shall be recorded as follows:

– In case the biological father of the child registered for birth cannot be identified, the child’s hometown section on the birth certificate shall be determined according to the mother’s hometown.

– In case it is not possible to identify the biological mother of the child whose birth is registered, but the biological father of the child carries out procedures to recognize the child, in this case, the birthplace section of the child on the birth certificate will be determined according to the hometown. of the father after completing the procedures to receive the father for the child and supplementing civil status information.

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It can be seen that the recording of hometown information on the birth certificate, although it will be different in some cases, is based on the basic principle when determining the hometown is the hometown of the person whose birth registration is determined according to the law. hometown of their father or mother or according to local custom.

So, Although they have similar meanings, the lack of specific regulations on the concept has led to many people still misunderstanding the concepts of “origin” and “hometown” and there is no consensus on the application of the concept. . However, with the provisions of the Civil Status Law on determining the hometown on the Birth Certificate, as well as the content of the validity of the Birth Certificate, it has more or less ensured the consistency when determining all papers containing personal information. Each person’s identity (including information about his/her hometown) must match that person’s Birth Certificate.

4. Advice on how to write the country of origin on the birth certificate:

Summary of the question

I don’t understand what the hometown entry in household registration, birth certificate, ID card, etc. is used for when it no longer has any meaning for the background verification of that individual. Specifically: My grandfather is in Nhon Phong, my father was born and raised in Nhon Phong, moved to live and get married in Nhon Tho.

I was born and raised in Nhon Tho, moved to live and get married in Quy Nhon. My child was born and raised in Quy Nhon, if my child later moves to live and get married in Ho Chi Minh City, my grandson was born and raised in Ho Chi Minh City. According to the regulations, the hometown must follow the father, so my grandson has his hometown Nhon Phong. While in fact, in Nhon Phong, my father no longer has any relatives, later in Nhon Tho I will also have no relatives, so what does it mean for my children and grandchildren to write their hometown in Nhon Phong?

Advisory lawyer

According to Clause 8, Article 4 of the Law on Civil Status 2014:

The birthplace of an individual is determined according to the hometown of the father or mother according to the agreement of the father or mother or according to the custom recorded in the declaration when registering the birth.

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Point e, Section 1, Part II of Circular 01/2008/TT-BTP stipulating how to write hometown in birth certificates as follows:

“e) Identify last name and hometown

When registering a birth, the child’s family name and hometown are determined according to the father’s surname and hometown, or the mother’s surname and hometown according to custom or agreement between the father and mother.

In the case of birth registration for an illegitimate child, if there is no decision to recognize the recognition of a father for the child, the child’s surname and hometown shall be determined according to the mother’s surname and hometown.

The birth certificate is the original civil status document, all other documents of the citizen must match the birth certificate of that individual. So the hometown section in the ID card or household registration book must be the same as the hometown in the Birth Certificate.

Currently, the state manages citizens mainly based on the place of birth and residence of that citizen. The identification of citizens’ hometowns on documents does not mean much in terms of human management, but more spiritually. Because hometown is a place where people have emotional attachment, have grandparents, parents, and family lines. The recording of hometown in identification papers is a way to remind each person, wherever they live or work, always remember their roots and ancestors.

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Therefore, on the papers of your children and grandchildren later, their hometown in Nhon Phong is also a way for them to remember their roots, where their ancestors lived.

5. Is your hometown your father’s place of birth?

The place of birth is the administrative place where the individual was born, the place of birth is different from the hometown, the place of birth and the hometown are different items shown on the declaration when registering the birth and the birth certificate.

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The birthplace of a child can be determined according to the father’s hometown according to the agreement of the parents or custom and may coincide with the actual place of birth of the father, but it is still necessary to distinguish these two concepts.

For example: Father’s hometown on birth certificate is “Hanoi”, mother’s hometown on birth certificate is “Nam Dinh”. The parents live together in Hanoi, the baby was born at the Hanoi maternity hospital. At the time of birth registration, parents agree to choose the child’s hometown according to the father’s hometown, accordingly, the child’s hometown is Hanoi, the place of birth is also recorded according to the address of the medical facility in Hanoi – ” Hanoi Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, La Thanh Street, Ngoc Khanh Ward, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi”.

According to Clause 8, Article 4 of the 2014 Civil Status Law, The birthplace of an individual is determined according to the hometown of the father or mother according to the agreement of the father or mother or according to the custom recorded in the declaration when registering the birth.

Thus, it is necessary to base on the birth certificate of the father and mother to correctly record information about the child’s hometown when making the birth registration declaration and birth certificate.

In addition to the way to write the hometown in the birth certificate, the way to write the place of birth is also a concern of many people. Therefore, we would like to share more about how to write the place of birth, specifically as follows:

Circular No. 04/2020/TT-BTP of the Ministry of Justice guiding how to write the place of birth in the following two specific cases:

– In case of giving birth at a medical facility, specify the name of the medical facility and the address of the head office of that medical facility.

For example:

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+ Hanoi Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, La Thanh Street, Ngoc Khanh Ward, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi

+ Health station in Dinh Bang commune, Tu Son district, Bac Ninh province.

– In case of birth outside a medical facility, write the names of 03 administrative levels (commune, district, province) and place of birth.

For example: Dinh Bang commune, Tu Son district, Bac Ninh province.

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