Đoạn văn thuyết minh về một danh lam thắng cảnh ngắn nhất

Outline explanations about the best scenic spots? The best explanation about Hoan Kiem Lake? The best commentary on Sword Lake? The best Ha Long Bay commentary? The best commentary on the Temple of Literature, Quoc Tu Giam?

Narrative about a scenic spot is one of the important topics of lower secondary literature and is the first step for students to familiarize themselves with the narrative genre. Below is an outline and some explanatory paragraphs about the scenic spot.

1. Outline explanations about the best scenic spots:

1.1. Opening:

– Introduce about the scenic spot that you want to explain.

– General feelings about that scenic spot.

1.2. Post body:

Brief introduction to:

– Geographical location

– Panoramic view

(If possible, elaborate on how to get to that scenic spot.)

History begin:

– Time of construction, origin of formation

– Meaning of the name of that scenic spot or another name (if any).

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Introduction to Architecture and Landscape

– Remote structure

– Details all the most important and unique features of the landscape

(Here, narrative and descriptive elements should be used so that the reader can best visualize the picture of the landscape in a detailed and unique way.

Historical and cultural significance of scenic spots for:

– Local

– Nation

1.3. End:

– Reaffirm the value and importance of the scenic spots of natural beauty described above to the place or country.

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– State your thoughts on the subject of the narration.

2. Outline the best explanation about Sword Lake:

2.1. Opening:

– Introduce and lead to the scenic spot to be explained: Sword Lake.

Note: You can choose to lead directly or indirectly depending on your ability.

2.2. Post body:

General overview of Sword Lake:

– Sword Lake, also known as Hoan Kiem Lake, has existed for a long time, about 6 centuries ago.

– The lake consists of two parts running from Hang Dao street through Hai Ba Trung, Ly Thuong Kiet and Hang Chuoi street, connecting to the Red River.

– The lake water is clear all year round, so it is also known as Luc Thuy lake.

In the 15th century, the lake was renamed Hoan Kiem Lake. That event is associated with the legend of the return of the magic sword to the golden tortoise of Le Loi, the founder of the later Le dynasty – the hero of the Lam Son uprising against the Ming invaders (1417-1427) ).

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Landscape around the lake:

– Around the lake there are many different types of flowers and ornamental plants, drooping willows, winding sesame buds, and flowers reflecting on the bottom of the lake.

In the middle of the lake is Turtle Tower, next to the lake is Ngoc Son Temple.

The history of Ho Guom’s attachment to the people of Hanoi

– Hanoians living around the lake tend to come here to exercise early in the morning, especially in the summer.

– The lake is located between the narrow old quarters of the city, opening a space for indigenous cultural activities.

– The lake is associated with legendary history, symbolizing the aspiration for peace (returning the sword and holding the pen), the people’s martial arts skills (the sacred sword at the bottom of the lake and the pen tower written in the blue sky).

– Sword Lake is a sacred symbol of the history and cultural traditions of Hanoi and of the whole nation of Vietnam.

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2.3. End:

Summarize the cultural and historical values ​​as well as the beauty of Sword Lake.

3. The best Ho Guom commentary:

Our country is favored by nature with many beautiful landscapes, each region, each province has famous landscapes and has its own characteristics, one of the most beautiful landscapes. Famous in our country is Sword Lake, anyone who comes to Hanoi must visit Sword Lake once. Hoan Kiem Lake is beautiful not only by the scenery of the natural environment with the blue lake water, the willow shadow hanging on the bottom of the lake, but also the Sword Lake is associated with the heroic and indomitable struggle history of our people. a proud scenic spot of Hanoians.

A special feature of Hoan Kiem Lake is not only a beautiful scenic spot but also a historical relic of our country. According to legend, when the Ming army invaded our country, they were extremely cruel, causing so much suffering and many crimes for the people, making the people live in misery and misery. Le Loi raised the uprising flag in Lam Son. Initially, because the insurgent forces were young and weak, they often lost. Therefore, Duc Long Quan decided to lend the insurgents a magic sword to fight the enemy, and because of the magic sword, Le Loi and Lam Son insurgent army defeated the invaders, helping our country get rid of the domination. of the Ming invaders. A year later, Le Loi returned the magic sword to Than Kim Quy, from which Ta Vong lake changed its name to Sword Lake or Hoan Kiem Lake.

Pearl Island and Turtle Island are two islands on Sword Lake. In the early 19th century, a temple was built on Ngoc Island, called Ngoc Son Pagoda, not long after that Ngoc Son Pagoda changed to worshiping saints Van Xuong and Tran Van Dao but no longer worshiping Buddha, so it was renamed Ngoc Son Temple. . Pen Tower was built in 1864 on Ngoc Boi mound opposite Ngoc Island.

Coming to Hoan Kiem Lake, we will enjoy and admire many beautiful and poetic natural landscapes. There is The Huc bridge and Ngoc Son temple, although it is only a short section, the shape of the bridge is curved and looks very beautiful. And that is also the only way visitors can enter Ngoc Son Temple.

The scenery around Sword Lake is also very beautiful. Around Sword Lake, green willow trees hang down to the lake. Besides, there are also stone benches for visitors to sit and rest. There is nothing better than enjoying the tired moments of enjoying the chirping birds and the blue lake.

Going to Hoan Kiem Lake, we also see old people and babies sitting on stone benches to rest, couples who love each other holding hands walking down the street, groups of people dancing to the music… They are all enjoying the beautiful scenery. of Ho Guom in its own way. Because of those activities, Hoan Kiem Lake became busier and more lively.

Speaking of Sword Lake, people often think that the lake has an ancient beauty. But not so. Hoan Kiem Lake also has modern beauty in it. Through many stages of development of the country, Sword Lake is still a beautiful landscape of our country, still an attractive tourist destination for domestic and foreign tourists.

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4. The best Ha Long Bay commentary:

Referring to the beautiful landscapes and charming mountains in Vietnam, it is hard not to mention Ha Long Bay. All Vietnamese know this name. This name is not only beautiful in the present and future but also in the past in the verse of Nguyen Khoa Diem: “The chicken and the toad of the homeland also turn Ha Long into a landscape”. Recently, UNESCO recognized Ha Long Bay as one of the seven most beautiful wonders of the world. Does Ha Long have something special to be honored like that?

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In Ha Long Bay, there is also a legend that the Jade Emperor sent the Mother Dragon to bring a flock of baby dragons down to help the Vietnamese people fight the enemy. Enemy ships from the sea rushed to the shore just in time for the dragons to descend to earth. The dragons immediately set fire to burn the enemy ships, a part of Chau Ngoc built a towering stone wall that caused the enemy ships to crash and break, blocking the enemy’s way.

After the war ended, seeing the peaceful land, green plants, people here industrious, hardworking, united to help each other, Mother Dragon and Baby Dragon did not return to heaven but stayed on earth. So to forever protect the Dai Viet nation. The landing place of the Mother of Dragons is Ha Long; The landing place of the baby dragon is Bai Tu Long, the dragon’s tail swims in the white water of Bach Long Vi (the present Tra Co peninsula has more than 15 km of sandy beaches).

Another legend has it that while the land was occupied by foreigners, a dragon flew along the river to the sea and landed on the northeast coast to form a wall to block the advance of the enemy fleet. enemy. The place where the dragon landed is called Ha Long.

Firstly, about the location of Ha Long Bay, it is located in the Northeast of Vietnam, Ha Long Bay is part of the Gulf of Tonkin, including the waters of Ha Long city, Cam Pha city and part of the area. Van Don island area. Ha Long is bordered to the southwest by Cat Ba Island, to the east by the sea and the rest of the mainland by a 120 km long coastline, limited from 106o58′ – 107o22′ East longitude and 20°45′ – 20o50′ North latitude with a total an area of ​​1553 square kilometers.

There are also 1969 islands of different sizes, including 989 named islands and 980 unnamed islands. The islands here include two types of limestone islands and shale islands, concentrated in Bai Tu Long and Ha Long bays. There are also many beautiful and famous caves recognized as a World Natural Heritage Site with an area of ​​434 km2, including 775 triangular-shaped islands with three peaks being Dau Go Island (west), Ba Ham Lake. (South), Cong Tay Island (East). Next to this area is a buffer zone and it is also a national scenic spot that was assessed by the Ministry of Culture and Information in 1962.

Coming to Ha Long, you cannot take your eyes off the scenery here. What are the mountains, which are the enchanting caves, which really attract people to want to go to the end to find the end in the infinity of this mountain and sky. We think the mountains here are like giants, sitting on a boat and looking up to measure the height of these mountains is really tiring. Only now do we know what is majestic beauty, what is the loyal love between water and young. A cave with stalactites that looked like they were falling, but they weren’t. It was like thousands of sparkling liquid pearls stuck together.

The people here are also very precious. They are not only hospitable but also like a tour guide dedicated to introducing the place to the visitors. Here, the people are warm, leaving unforgettable impressions in the hearts of tourists who come and go.

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5. The best explanation of the Temple of Literature:

Every year, every year, during the exam season, many students in the North always come to the Temple of Literature to pray for luck, and many students choose this place to keep their yearbook photos. Why is this place so often associated with learning activities? This is because the location is rich in cultural and academic traditions. Temple of Literature is a famous place in Hanoi capital, considered a symbol of the cultural quintessence, national education and continuation of the tradition of respecting the master.

According to Dai Viet historical records, the Temple of Literature was built in 1070 during the reign of King Ly Thanh Tong to worship saints and Confucian masters. At the same time, it was also a royal school. In 1253, Tran Thai Tong expanded the audience of Quoc Tu Giam’s students to be the children of popular families who studied well.

Temple of Literature is located on a rectangular piece of land with a total area of ​​​​5400 m2, surrounded by a large brick wall, creating an ancient and dignified appearance. As soon as you step inside, the ancient architectural roofs hidden in the luxuriant branches create a special attraction for visitors. In the Temple of Literature, there is Van Lake, where poetic stories take place. The inner self is divided into 5 areas. The first area of ​​the Temple of Literature is the Temple of Literature. The second area is Dai Trung Mon. If you want to enter the Temple of Literature, you have to go through the four gods and through three revolving doors to enter the Temple of Literature. The large central gate, consisting of three brick pavilions, runs straight from the Temple of Literature to the entrance. The brick road continues to bring visitors to Khue Van Cac, a square plan with two floors and eight roofs. It is a symbol of Vietnamese literary culture. Through Khue Van Cac to Thien Quang Well, a square road, year-round calm water around Thien Quang well leads visitors to the Doctor’s Stele with 82 stone texts mounted on the back of a turtle. Past the Doctor’s stele house, you enter a large courtyard paved with Bat Trang tiles. The last area is the Thai Hoc building, which used to be a place to train talents. The Temple of Literature is a place to honor the outstanding teacher Chu Van An and the kings who have built it.

Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam has great historical and cultural value, and is also a place to organize seminars, talks, and honor outstanding Confucian scholars. In May 2012, the Temple of Literature was recognized as a special national relic. This place is also a famous tourist destination that attracts tourists who want to learn about Vietnamese culture and history, where soldiers come to pray for good luck and is the place chosen to take photos of student yearbook. …

Because it is a special national monument, it is necessary to adhere to a few basic things: Do not litter indiscriminately, do not step on the red carpet and do not rub the turtles’ heads, dress neatly…

Over the years, the Temple of Literature – Quoc Tu Giam is still a relic bearing the imprint of a long tradition of academics, becoming a beautiful symbol of Hanoi capital.

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