Dàn ý, mẫu cảm nhận, phân tích bài thơ Đồng Chí – Chính Hữu

Poet Chinh Huu? Comrade poem? Outline to feel, analyze the poem Comrade? Sample perception, analysis of the poem Comrade? Special details of the poem Comrade?

The poem “Comrade” is a famous work of poet Chinh Huu during the resistance war against the French. This poem is very common in 9th grade Literature exam and 10th grade exam.

1. Poet Chinh Huu:

Chinh Huu’s real name is Tran Dinh Dac, born on December 15, 1926 in Vinh city, Nghe An. He joined the revolution in 1945, joined the Capital Regiment and was present in the Viet Bac campaign as a Company Politician.

In 1947, his first work, the poem “The Day Returns”, was born.” Remembering the night of leaving, the sky and earth were on fire / The whole city was burning behind me / The boys who were not yet white owed the hero / The soul of the ten directions waving the crimson flag”. After “The Day of Return”, especially since he became a real soldier, his writings became more realistic, poems associated with the soldier’s combat life, such as: “The price of each yard of land. ”, “Letter from home”, “The lamp stands guard”… Among them, the most famous one is the work “Comrade” written in 1948.

Soldiers in Chinh Huu’s poetry are the soldiers of the National Guard, the soldiers of Dien Bien… The people who have just left the plow to enter the battle are portrayed by the poet Chinh Huu with a simple, simple and sincere life, deeply with teammates, with homeland, country.

2. Comrade poem:

Circumstances composing

The poem was composed in 1948 when Chinh Huu and his comrades participated in the Viet Bac campaign (autumn and winter 1947) to defeat a large-scale attack by the French colonialists.

This is one of the most typical poems written about soldiers in the resistance war against the French colonialists.

The composition of the poem Comrade gOh 3 parts:

Part 1: From the beginning to “Comrade!”. The basis of comradeship, comradeship.

Part 2. Next comes “Love each other, hold hands!”. Expression of comradeship

Part 3. Remaining. Symbol of comradeship.

Poetry form: Comrade’s poem is composed in the form of free verse.

Title meaning: First of all, comrades are a way to refer to people who share the same ideals, goals or the same fighting unit. The title of the poem reminds the reader of the central emotion of the poem, which is comradeship and comradeship. That was the core feeling, the deep nature of the attachment between revolutionary soldiers.

The title expressed the poet’s point of view: comradeship and comradeship are the spiritual support for soldiers to overcome all difficulties.

Emotional circuit: Throughout the poem is a deep feeling of comradeship and comradeship. First, comradeship is rooted in the formation of comradeship and comradeship. The seventh line of the poem has a special structure: “Comrade!” – accumulated emotions make a deep impression. In the next verses, emotions are evoked with expressions of comradeship and comradeship. Finally, the poem closes with the sacred symbol of comradeship and comradeship.

Content: The comradeship of soldiers based on the same situation and fighting ideals is expressed naturally, simply but deeply in all circumstances. It contributes to the strength and spiritual beauty of the revolutionary soldier.

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3. Outline to feel, analyze the poem Comrade:


A brief introduction to the topic of war and soldiers in poetry: This is a familiar topic that has entered the poetry of many typical authors.

Summary of the unique characteristics of Chinh Huu and Comrade – a poem written on the theme of a soldier: Chinh Huu appeared on the piano with a simple poetic style. The poem Comrade, though still on the subject of soldiers, has overcome all the disturbances to bring out very true feelings about comradeship in the heart.

Post body:

About the background of the work:

The poem was born in early 1948, while the poet and his comrades were working against the French attack on the Viet Bac war zone.

The first 7 verses talk about the explanation of the basis of comradeship

– The first two sentences talk about the background of the soldiers: Coming from coastal fishermen (salt water and sour fields) and farmers (land plowed on gravel)

Difficult circumstances, hardship, poverty

⇒ The similarity in poverty background is the basis for the class sympathy of the revolutionary soldiers.

– The next two sentences talk about the meeting situation: “Stranger couple”: Two subjects “he” – “I” are not familiar. “Didn’t meet each other”: Although they knew each other without appointment, it was the fact that they came from the same background and fought together that made them develop beautiful feelings.

The next 3 verses talk about the complete bond between comrades:

Parallel image “Gun next to gun, head next to head”: The comradeship blossomed and remained strong when they shared the difficulties in performing the task.

Two “Comrades!” resounding to brighten up the whole poem, is the crystallization of a beautiful revolutionary feeling: comradeship.

The next 10 verses describe concrete expressions of the beauty and strength of comradeship

– The first 3 sentences: Comradeship is sympathizing with secret feelings about the rear and homeland

The soldiers understood each other about the situation: they were all from farmers, leaving their forgotten villages to share the same ideal of decisively leaving to defend the country.

⇒ The feeling of close comradeship, they share with each other what is most personal and dear to them

– 7 next sentences: Comrades share with each other the hardships and deprivations in the soldier’s life

Soldiers share hardships, hardships, from chills to shivering fever.

They share with each other about material things: despite their lack, their feelings do not fade.

And especially the sharing handshake, spreading the warmth of camaraderie.

Last 3 sentences: Beautiful, poetic symbol of comradeship

– The first 2 sentences: The soldier’s arduous task

Circumstances: night, wild forest, hoarfrost extreme circumstances

The duty of the soldiers: standing guard, ambush ready to “wait for the enemy to come”

=> The comradeship and comradeship helped the recipients overcome all circumstances.

– The last sentence “Moon gun head hangs”: a surprising and unique ending image, the highlight of the whole article, interesting associations:

“Gun”: symbol of war

“Moon”: symbol for cool nature, for peace

This is one of the most beautiful images in this post, exuding the beauty of the soldier’s soul and the meaning of the image as a soldier holding a gun to protect his homeland to bring peaceful moonlight to the country.

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The poem is the most honest, idyllic but profoundest and most sacred statement about comradeship in extremely difficult circumstances.

4. Sample perception and analysis of Comrade’s poem:

The topic of the resistance war against the French in general and about the soldiers in that fierce war has always been the eternal subject of poetry with many famous works. Each poet and writer contributes to that subject area with unique works, with a very unique style and so is Chinh Huu. It can be said that with the poem Comrade – born in 1948, the poet Chinh Huu helped us understand more about soldiers, about comradeship in the nation’s long resistance war against the French.

Seven verses opening the poem, author Chinh Huu has provided readers with the foundations and foundations that contribute to the building of comradeship and camaraderie. And first of all, they are people from the same background:

“My hometown is salty and sour water

My village is poor rocky soil plowed up

He sometimes strangers to me

From a place where we don’t meet each other”

It seems that, four verses with the use of the idiom “salty water and sour fields” and the use of the word “plowed land on gravel” the author has realistically generalized the background situation of the soldiers. They are all from poor, destitute, hard-working, and hard-working villages, listening to the sacred call of the Fatherland to go on the road and “get to know each other”. “know each other”. It can be said that the author Chinh Huu was really subtle when using the word “double” instead of the word “two”, because, it seems, the word “double” has gradually erased the distance between soldiers, they become closer and closer to each other.

In addition, soldiers are people who share the same ideals, ambitions and goals.

“The gun is next to the gun, close to the head”

The gun is a symbolic image of the desire to fight and fight against invaders to protect the country and the country. In addition, the phrase “gun” is repeated twice as if once again emphasizing that it is your comradeship that is formed on the basis of a shared noble mission. The brothers from different countryside but carry on their shoulders the sacred duty of the Fatherland. At the same time, one of the foundations that creates comradeship is that they share the same passion, suffer together, endure many deprivations, hardships and hardships to successfully complete their tasks.

“Cold nights together make a couple of soulmates”

If in the first seven verses, the author raised the basis for the formation of comradeship and comradeship, in the next ten verses, the poet has deepened to highlight the expressions of that precious sentiment. First of all, comradeship and comradeship are expressed in understanding, sharing all feelings, having both joy and sadness.

“The fields I send my best friend to plow

The house does not let the wind shake

Most original water well miss out soldiers”

Soldiers have left their own feelings behind, leaving behind their homeland and family to follow the sacred call of the Fatherland, so perhaps you understand each other’s feelings more than anyone. and weave three verses with so much emotion. The two words “let alone” seem to clearly show the decisive departure for the noble goal of the soldiers. In particular, the image of “the original well” is a metaphorical image for those who stayed, for their homeland. Motherland misses you or it is in the hearts of the “soldiers of the homeland that always live forever in you”. And perhaps, the shadow, the nostalgia for the homeland is a great and old source of motivation, encouraging the spirit of the brothers on the difficult, challenging and dangerous road of war, always facing death. god any time.

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Moreover, another manifestation of comradeship is the attachment, sharing all the hardships, difficulties and deprivations in the nation’s long battle.

“You and I know every chill

Fever, shivering, sweaty forehead

Your shirt has torn shoulders and my pants have a few patches


Perhaps with only four verses, it is enough to summarize for us how much deprivation, hardship, and hardship that the soldiers have shared and overcome together. These hardships are nothing but the forest malaria that ravaged them in the sacred forest of poisonous water, the “torn shirt”, “pants with a few patches”, “no shoes”. It is difficult and difficult, but the soldiers are still together, loving each other, overcoming all trials and tribulations to reach the sky of peace and happiness. These things are clearly expressed through the poem “Love each other, hold hands”. The verse has drawn a strong, soldier-like feeling of attachment. These soldiers “hold hands” to share together, to give each other the warmth of love and motivation to work together.

In particular, reading the poem Comrade, surely no one will be able to forget the three closing lines of the poem – a beautiful and shining symbol of comradeship.

“Tonight the misty wild forest

Standing side by side waiting for the enemy to come

Hanging Moon Gun”

In these verses, the poet To Huu painted a picture of the cruel reality of the battlefield, the fierce reality of guns and the cold. But it is the reality and the fierce nature that exalts the bravery of the soldiers, especially the romance, optimism and fighting spirit.

In summary, with the use of free verse form, rhetorical devices and especially images rich in symbolic meaning, the poem Comrade by poet Chinh Huu has successfully portrayed the image of soldier Ho Chi Minh. in the nation’s resistance against the French and evoked many thoughts in us about comradeship and comradeship.

5. Compare the image of the soldier in the poem Comrade with the soldier in “Poem about the squad of vehicles without glasses”:


The same purpose of fighting: For the independence of the nation.

They all have the spirit to overcome all difficulties and hardships.

They are very resilient and brave in battle.

They have deep comradeship and comradeship.


The soldier in the poem “Comrade” brings the genuine and rustic beauty of a soldier from a peasant background.

The soldier in the “Poem about the squadron without glasses” is always young, vibrant, and fun with a new aura with the spirit of the times.

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Nhớ để nguồn bài viết: Dàn ý, mẫu cảm nhận, phân tích bài thơ Đồng Chí – Chính Hữu của website thcstienhoa.edu.vn

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