What is boss mode? What is the responsibility of the head in the headship regime? Forms of conflict in the performance of the relationship between the head and the collective?
In addition to the collective working regime associated with individual responsibility, there is also a mode of leadership. How are these two working modes related and specific?
1. What is the boss mode?
The head regime is understood as a leadership and working regime in which the head of an agency or organization has the full right to decide for himself and take personal responsibility for all issues within the authority of the agency or organization. organization under their control.
The headship regime is usually applied in state administrative agencies with professional competence (ministries, ministerial-level agencies) or specialized agencies under the People’s Committees (departments, departments, divisions, branches). Ministers, department directors, department heads, etc. are those who have the full right to decide by themselves all issues related to the activities of agencies and organizations and are responsible to their superiors for their decisions.
From the analysis of what is the head regime?, it can be seen that the head is also a cadre and civil servant. Currently, according to the provisions of Vietnamese law, the headship regime includes the following regimes:
– Ministers and heads of ministerial-level agencies:
Being a member of the Government and the head of a ministry, ministerial-level agency, leading the work of a ministry or ministerial-level agency, responsible for the state management of the assigned sector or field; organize the implementation and monitor the implementation of laws related to sectors and fields nationwide.
The current ministerial-level agencies in Vietnam include: Committee for Ethnic Minority Affairs, State Bank of Vietnam, Government Inspectorate and Government Office. Thus, the heads of the above agencies, including the Chairman of the Ethnic Committee, the Governor of the State Bank of Vietnam, the Government Inspector General and the Head of the Government Office, are considered heads of ministerial-level agencies.
– Unit heads:
Being civil servants working at enterprises with 100% charter capital held by the State under ministries, ministerial-level agencies or leading civil servants of units under ministries, ministerial-level agencies, leaders of agencies specialized agency of the People’s Committee.
see more: Roles and responsibilities of heads of agencies and units
+ The head of the procurement unit is the investor (for investment projects) or the heads of the Police of the units and localities (for the procurement without the establishment of investment projects) who are assigned by the competent authority to do so. currently shopping.
+ Heads of units with vaults: Being the heads of units having vaults (at the State Treasury is the General Director; at the State Treasuries of provinces and centrally run cities (collectively referred to as the State Treasury). province) is the Director of the State Treasury of the province; at the State Treasury of the district, urban district, town or provincial city (collectively referred to as the district State Treasury) is the Director of the district State Treasury); At the Transaction Office is the Head of the Transaction Office.
Duties and powers of heads of ministerial-level agencies
Firstly: As a member of the Government, the head has the following duties and powers:
– Participating in solving common problems of the Government collective; jointly with the Government to decide and jointly take responsibility for the issues under the Government’s competence.
– Proposing to the Government and Prime Minister necessary guidelines, policies, mechanisms and legal documents within the competence of the Government and the Prime Minister; actively work with the Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister on the work of the Government and other related works; take responsibility for all contents and progress of the assigned projects, projects and legal documents.
– Attend Government meetings and participate in voting at Government meetings.
– Perform specific jobs according to sectors and fields as assigned or authorized by the Government or the Prime Minister. Direct, guide and inspect the implementation of the law, the implementation of strategies, master plans, plans, programs and decisions of the Government and the Prime Minister in the assigned sectors and fields.
see more: What is Autonomy? Financial autonomy mechanism of state agencies
– Perform other tasks authorized by the Prime Minister.
Second: As the head of a ministry, ministerial-level agency, the head has the duties and powers specified in Article 34 of the Law on Organization of the Government 2015 such as:
– To lead, direct and take personal responsibility for all aspects of the work of ministries and ministerial-level agencies; direct affiliated units to organize the implementation of approved strategies, master plans, plans, programs and projects, and tasks of ministerial-level agencies assigned by the Government.
To decide according to its competence or submit to the Government or Prime Minister matters within the functions, tasks and powers of the ministries or ministerial-level agencies of which he is the head.
– To propose to the Prime Minister the appointment, relief from duty, dismissal or resignation of Deputy Ministers or Deputy Heads of ministerial-level agencies.
– To promulgate legal documents according to its competence to perform the functions and tasks of state management over the assigned branches and domains; promulgate or submit to the Government or the Prime Minister for promulgation policies on development of assigned sectors and fields, etc.
Responsibilities of the Chief
Responsibilities of ministers and heads of ministerial-level agencies:
see more: Authority and decision to appoint the head of the branch
Article 37 of the Law on Organization of the Government 2015 stipulates that the head is responsible for:
+ To take personal responsibility before the Prime Minister, the Government and the National Assembly for their assigned sectors and fields; on results, effectiveness and efficiency of operations of ministries and ministerial-level agencies; about their decisions and results of the implementation of their decisions within the scope of their assigned tasks and powers; together with other members of the Government are collectively responsible for the activities of the Government.
+ Make work reports before the Government and the Prime Minister; explain and answer questions before the National Assembly and Standing Committee of the National Assembly.
+ Implement the regime of reporting to the People on important issues under management responsibility.
– Responsibilities of the unit head:
Heads of units are responsible to leaders of ministries, ministerial-level agencies and law within the scope of their assigned tasks and powers.
2. Responsibilities of the head in the headship regime:
First, the responsibility of the head of state administrative agencies is deeply social. In terms of interests, the head of the state administrative agency is responsible for the entire people and the whole society of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Second, the responsibility of the head of the state administrative agency is the institution of personal responsibility. All issues are decided quickly, a high sense of responsibility is placed in each decision, which will avoid most of the arguments, arguments, causing too many conflicting opinions and not being able to solve the problem.
see more: Responsibilities of heads of agencies in receiving citizens
Third, the responsibilities of the head of state administrative agencies are highly comprehensive. The head of a state administrative agency is responsible for two basic groups of subjects, which are internal responsibilities and social responsibilities.
Article 5 of the Law on Organization of the Government in 2015 also emphasizes the personal responsibility of the head: the Prime Minister is responsible to the National Assembly for the activities of the Government and assigned tasks; Article 34 stipulates that the Minister: “Lead, direct and take personal responsibility for all aspects of the work of ministries and ministerial-level agencies, and direct affiliated units to organize the implementation of strategies and master plans. , approved plans, programs and projects, tasks of ministries and ministerial-level agencies, of which he is the head”. The Deputy Minister only performs the tasks assigned by the Minister and is answerable to the Minister.
Article 5, Law on organization of local government in 2015 stipulates that the People’s Committee (People’s Committee) operates under a collective regime combined with the responsibilities of the Chairman of the People’s Committee. The Chairman of the People’s Committee is personally responsible for the performance of his/her duties and powers, together with the People’s Committee collectively, is responsible for the People’s Committee’s activities to the People’s Council at the same level and to the superior state agencies. The heads of specialized agencies under the People’s Committees are responsible for and report on their work to the People’s Committees of the same level, specialized agencies at higher levels and report their work to the People’s Councils of the same level when required.
Article 10, Law on cadres and civil servants in 2008 stipulates the obligations and responsibilities of heads of agencies, organizations and units of the State; Decree No. 157/2007/ND-CP dated October 27, 2007 of the Government on responsibilities of heads of State agencies, organizations and units in performing official duties; Decree No. 211/2013/ND-CP dated December 19, 2013 stipulating the handling of responsibilities of heads of agencies, organizations and units when corruption occurs in agencies, organizations and units by I manage and take charge. Decree No. 04/2015/ND-CP dated January 9, 2015 on the implementation of democracy in the operation of state administrative agencies and public non-business units mentions the responsibilities of the head of the agency. , units and of cadres, civil servants and public employees in the implementation of democracy in the operation of internal agencies and units.
In addition, in the fields of anti-corruption, thrift practice and anti-wastefulness, there are also regulations on the responsibility of the head when violations occur in the assigned unit.
There are many approaches to accountability. There is a concept that responsibility is a task, authority, or obligation to do to perform a job or not to perform a job in the present and in the future. According to the Vietnamese Dictionary: “Responsibility is an obligation to do something and to do it as a commitment” (5).
It can be understood that the responsibility of the head of a state agency is the duty to perform the assigned powers and bear the consequences and legal responsibility when there is a violation.
Collective responsibility is understood as the tasks, functions and powers prescribed by law for the collective. The relationship between collective responsibilities of state agencies and responsibilities of heads of state agencies is stipulated in the Constitution, the Law on Government Organization, and the Law on Organization of Local Governments. A good settlement of the relationship between the head and the collective party committees and authorities is in fact properly dealing with the relationship between the collective leadership and the individual in charge, between the implementation of the Party’s principle of democratic centralism. with the implementation of the regime of heads in state agencies.
see more: What is Editor-in-Chief? Functions and duties of the head of the newsroom?
3. Forms of conflict in the performance of the relationship between the head and the collective:
1) The responsibility belongs to the collective or the individual leader. To resolve the relationship of the group of leaders, the individual in charge needs to confirm that the collective leadership is necessary, but if there is no clear assignment of tasks. Clearly, not clarifying between centralization and decentralization, decentralization easily leads to disregard of collective responsibilities, or relying on collective responsibility, unclear individual responsibilities. Individuals are in charge on the basis of collective leadership, that is, they must be determined to organize and implement the collective work discussed and decided. The individual in charge must be decisive, dare to think, dare to do, dare to take responsibility;
2) Benefits when performing the task. If it is not clear that collective responsibility and individual responsibility can easily lead to when success is the achievement of individuals, when problems occur, it is the fault of the collective, so it is difficult to hold responsibility;
3) The responsibility of the party secretary to the party committee, it is necessary to clearly define the general and specific responsibilities of the secretary. In this regard, the Resolution of the 4th Conference of the Central Executive Committee, term XI, had a pilot policy of empowering the secretaries of the Party Committees to select and recommend to elect members of the Standing Committee of the Party Committee. is one of the practical actions to implement the motto of clearly assigning rights and responsibilities to party secretaries.
The head has a very important role in the organization and operation of the agency or unit, but does not replace the collective in personnel work. The head only has a decisive role, directly in the management and use of staff within the scope of his/her charge, first of all, deputies and cadres under direct management. Therefore, the head should be assigned authority and responsibility in proposing, recommending to competent authorities to consider and decide the planning, appointment, promotion, arrangement, reward and discipline. for cadres who are their own deputies and cadres under their direct authority. At the same time, they must bear joint responsibility when their deputies and cadres directly under their control commit defects, must be disciplined according to the regulations of the Party and the State.
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